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منارة اللغة الإنجليزية كل مايتعلق بمقررات ( اللغة الإنجليزية ) لجميع المراحل الدراسية...


شرح لكل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية صالحة لكل المراحل من الابتدائية الي الثانوية العامة 2012 ج1 شرح لكل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية


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قديم 04-22-2012, 09:21 AM
الالماسة الخود
مراقبة المنارات التربوية والتعليمية
الالماسة الخود غير متواجد حالياً
لوني المفضل Cadetblue
 رقم العضوية : 98998
 تاريخ التسجيل : Sep 2011
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 معدل التقييم : الالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدودالالماسة الخود منار مبدع بلا حدود
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افتراضي شرح لكل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية صالحة لكل المراحل من الابتدائية الي الثانوية العامة 2012 ج1



شرح لكل قواعد اللغة الانجليزية صالحة لكل المراحل من الابتدائية الي الثانوية العامة 2012 ج1



سوف يتم وضع شرح لكل القواعد
تابعوووووووووووووونا
Connectors [ Compound sentence ][ 9 ]

1- and / He went to the cinema . He watched an interesting film .
* He went to the cinema and watched an interesting film .
2- but / yet / however / neverthless / still / He is rich . he is unhappy .
* He is rich but / yet / however he is unhappy .
3- as well as / He is clever . I am clever .
* He as well as I is clever . الفعل معها يتبع الفاعل الأول
4- Both …… and / Ahmed is a student . Hany is a student .
* Both Ahmed and Hany are students . الفعل بعدها يكون جمع
5- Either …… or / You must work hard . you will not pass the exam .
* You must either work hard or you will not pass the exam . جملتين بينهما اختيار
6- Neither ….. nor / He can’t read . He can’t write .
* He can neither read nor write . جملتين منفيتين والفعل بعدها يتبع الفاعل القريب
واذا بدأنا بها نحول لصيغة استفهاميه بعدها. وهى كذلك نفى لــ . both … and / neither … nor .
* He didn’t come early . He didn’t stop talking .
* Neither did he come early nor did he stop talking .
7- So / therefore / hence / thus / consequently / يسبفهم السبب ويتبعهم النتيجه
* The student studied hard . He succeeded .
* The student studied hard [ so / hence / consequently / therefore ] he succeeded .
8- Not only …. but also [ not only …. but …. also / as well ]
* He climbed the tree . He ate the fruit .
* He not only climbed the tree but also he ate the fruits .
* He not only climbed the tree but he ate the fruits also / as well .
* Not only did he climb the tree but he ate the fruits as well [ also ] .
9- or / otherwise / تربط جملتين الثانيه نتيجه لعدم الالتزام بالأولى / تهديد . والا .
* Don’t laugh . The teacher will punish you .
* Don’t laugh or [ otherwise ] the teacher will punish you .
Exercises / Rewrite the sentences using the words in brackets /

1- Mona is beautiful . Heba is beautiful . [ Both ]
2- He didn’t understand the question . He didn’t answer it . [ neither / Neither ]
3- He succeeded . He got full mark . [ not only / Not only ]
4- He must pay the money . He will go to prison . [ otherwise ]
5- He studied hard . He got high marks . [ therefore ]
6- You can study French .You can study German . [ either ]
7- He wasted his time . He wasted his money . [ Not only ]
8- He didn’t write the lesson .He didn’t bring his book . [ neither ]

///////////////////////

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

too……to / enough …..to / so….. that / such….that

فاعل+ ( be) + too +adj. + to + inf.
* The bag is too heavy (for me ) to carry. تستخدم مع الصفات السلبية
فاعل + (be) not عكس الصفة + enough +to +inf . ( مع الصفات السلبية )
* This bag is not light enough ( for me) to carry.
فاعل +(be) + الصفة +enough +to +inf. ) مع الصفات الايجابية )
*He is clever enough to do the sum.
فاعل +(be) +so +adj. +that + جملة ) مع الصفات الايجابية والسلبية)
*This bag is so heavy that I can't carry it.
so+adj.s+(be) +that+ جملة
*So heavy is the bag that I can't carry it .
*He is so clever that he can't do the sum.

5 فاعل+ (be) such ( a / an) صفة +موصوف +that + جملة
* It is such a heavy bag that I can't carry it.
* He is such a clever boy that he can do the sum.
بدلا من الاسم One يمكن استخدام كلمة
*The boy is such a clever one that he can do the sum.
Such a/an +N+S (be) +that جملة
*Such a clever boy is he that he can do the sum.


///////////////////

Connectors / [ 1 ] Clause of Time / [ 10 ]
1- When + subj. + v …. = on / upon /at / in + noun [ v + ing ]
* When he comes tomorrow , I’ll meet him . [ When + present simple + future ] .
* On coming tomorrow , I’ll meet him .
* When the thief saw the policeman , he ran away .[ When + past s. + past s. ] .
* When he arrived yesterday ,I was sleeping . [ When + past s. + past cont. ]
2- While / As + subj. + v. …. = During / while + noun [ v +ing ] .
* While he was studying , the light went out . [ While + past cont. + past s. ] .
* During studying , the light went out .
* While he was reading , she was cooking . [ While + past cont. + past cont. ] .
3- After + subj. + v. …. = Having + p.p. [ After + noun [ v + ing ] .
* After he had finished his work , he went out . [ After + past perfect + past s . ].
* Having finished his work , he went out .
4- Before + subj. + v. … = Before + noun [ v + ing ] .
* Before he watched TV , he had finished his work.
[ Before + past s.+ past perfect]
5- Since + subj. + v ….. = Since + noun [ v + ing ]
* He hasn’t sent any letters since he departed .
* He hasn’t sent any letters since his departure / departing .
* He has worked in this office since he graduated . [ graduation ]
[ Present perfect + since + past simple ] .
6- Till / Until + subj. + v. ….. = till / until + noun [ v + ing ] ..
* I’ll stay here until he arrives at the airport . [ future + until / till + present s. ] .
* I’ll stay here until his arrival / arriving at the airport .
* He didn’t go out until he had finished his work .
[ past simple negative + until / till + past perfect positive ] .
7- As soon as + subj. + v. … = Immediately on + noun [ v + ing ] .
* As soon as she had seen the dress , she admired it .
* Immediately on seeing the dress , she admired it .
[ As soon as + past perfect + past simple ]
8- No sooner ----- than / Hardly / Scarcely------ when + subj. + v. ….
= Immediately on [ after ] + noun / v + ing .
*He had no sooner reached the station than the train left .
* He had hardly reached the station when the train left .
* Immediately on [after ] reaching the station , the train left .
*** No sooner had he reached the station than the train left .
*** Rewrite using the words in brackets /
1- During my walking , I saw my friend . [ While ] 2- Having found a match , he lit his pipe . [ After ] 3- He has worked here since he graduated . [graduation ]

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tense
The adverbs
The form
Affirmative
Negative
Yes, No question
Wh. question
Question tag
Present
Simple


Simple
المضارع البسيط

Always
usually sometimes
never
every……
*He-she-it
(verb stem+ s(es))
*I, we, you, they (verb stem only)
He always watches TV.
They always watch TV.
He doesn't watch TV.
They don't watch TV.
Does he watch


Do They watch TV?
What does he watch?
What do They watch?
*He doesn't watch TV, doesn't he?
*They don't watch TV, don't they?
Present continuous
المضارع المستمر
At this moment now
Look! Listen!
He-she-it (is +V+ing)
I(am +V+ ing)
we, you, they (are +V+ing)
*He is watching TV now.
*I am watching TV now.
*They are watching TV now.
*He isn't watching TV now.
*I am not watching TV now.
*They aren't watching TV now.
*Is he watching TV now?
*Are you watching tv naw

*Are They watching TV now?
*When is he watching TV?
*When are you watching TV?
*When are They watching TV?
He is watching TV now, isn't he?
*They are watching TV now, aren't they?
Present
Perfect
المضارع التام
Since – for lately recently yet – just already
He-she-it +has +p.p

I, you, we, they+ have+ P.P
*He has just watched TV.
*I have just watched TV.
*He hasn't watched TV yet.
*I haven't watched TV yet.
*Has he watched TV yet?
*Have you watched TV yet?
*What has he watched?
*What have you watched?
*He has watched TV, hasn't he?
*I have watched TV, haven't you?
Past
Simple
الماضي البسيط
Last – ago yesterday
Once – one day
(verb stem+ d(ed))
التصريف الثاني للفعل
*He watched TV yesterday.

*I bought a shirt yesterday.
*He didn't watch TV yesterday.
*I didn't buy a shirt yesterday.
*Did he watch TV yesterday?
*Did you buy a shirt yesterday?
*What did he watch yesterday?
*What did you buy yesterday?
*He watched TV yesterday, didn't he?
*I bought a shirt yesterday, didn't I?
Past
Continuous
الماضي المستمر
While – as just as
When
Yesterday

He-she-it-I (was +v +ing)
We-you-they+ were +v+ing)
*He was watching TV yesterday morning.
*They were watching TV yesterday morning.
*He wasn't watching TV yesterday morning.
*They weren't watching TV yesterday morning.
*Was he watching TV yesterday morning?
*Were they watching TV yesterday morning?
*What was he watching yesterday morning?
*What were they watching yesterday morning?
He wasn't watching TV yesterday morning, was he?
Past
Perfect
الماضي التام

الماضي التام
After – as soon as – when before – until
I, you, we, they, he, she, it (had+P.P)
*I had seen a dog.
*After he had watched TV, he went to bed.
*I hadn't seen a dog.
*He didn't go to bed till (until) he had watched TV
*Had I seen a dog?
*After he had watched TV, did he go to bed?
*What had you seen?
*What did he do after he had watched TV?
I had seen a dog, hadn't I?
Future
Simple
المستقبل البسيط
tomorrow – next
I, you, we, they, he, she, it(will+ verb stem)
He will watch TV.
He won't watch TV.
tvWill he watch

What will he watch?
He will watch TV, won't he?

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الكلمات الدلالية (Tags)
2012, لكل, المراحل, اللغة, الابتدائية, الانجليزية, الثانوية, الي, العامة, صالحة, شرح, قواعد

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